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CISTITIS AGUDA, PROSTATITIS Y URETRITIS

Guillermo De'Marziani

Resumen


La cistitis bacteriana aguda es un porceso infeccioso de la vejiga. La prescencia de disuria, polaquiuria, tenesmo, dolor hipogástrico y/o hematuria, aumenta la probabilidad diagnóstica. Ante la sospecha clínica debe solicitarse sedimento urinario y evaluar presencia de leucocituria, piuria o microhematuria, y solicitar urocultivo previo al inicio del tratamiento. La prostatitis bacteriana aguda es una entidad poco frecuente pero que requiere diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, con aislamiento del gérmen. La uretritis puede ser de etiología infecciosa o no. En estas patologías, el tratamiento no difiere de los pacientes sin diabetes, pero deben tenerse presente factores como la neuropatía autonómica que puede encubrir la sintomatología y aumentar el riesgo de descompensación metabólica y cetoacidosis.


Palabras clave


cistitis; prostatitis; uretritis; aislamiento bacteriano; neuropatía autonómica

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Referencias


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